Special Interests: Adult Cardiac Surgery
Venkat completed his medical degree and post-graduate training in India. He started his cardiac surgical training initially in Papworth hospital, Cambridge and later in West Midlands training program. His research involved optimisation of thoracic organ donor for heart and lung transplantation and he completed MD in University of Birmingham. Venkat was appointed on the first national fellowship in heart/lung transplantation in Papworth. He was appointed in 2010 in UHSM, Wythenshawe hospital, Manchester. He is the Director of Heart & Lung Transplantation and lead for mechanical circulatory support in Wythenshawe. He represents UK cardiothoracic transplant community at national level (Cardiothoracic transplant advisory group) and is the national representative for organ retrieval in the audit group. His research work has lead to change of practice at both local and national level. Venkat is an adult cardiac surgeon with special interest in mitral valve surgery and minimal access aortic valve replacement in addition to transplantation and ventricular assist devices.
Cardiothoracic Transplant Fellowship-2009
West Midlands training program-2002-2008
British Heart Foundation Research Fellow-Birmingham-2004-2006
MD-University of Birmingham-2010
MBBS-University of Madras, India, 1993
Risk-adjusted in-hospital survival rate
This graph shows the “in hospital” survival rate of patients who are operated on by the individual surgeon/unit you have selected. “In hospital” means time the patient is in the hospital where they have had their operation. It does not include any time that patients may have spent in other hospitals, either before or after their heart operation.
The data has been through a complex methodology, including the variations in patient risk factors in order to give you a comparative base from which to work from. This means that the survival rates take into account the type and risk of patients being operated on for each surgeon/unit. This is known as risk adjusted survival.
The vertical axis shows the GMC number of the surgeon or the Hospital identifier. In brackets is the total number of patients operated on by the surgeon/unit and the percentage of patients for whom the survival is known. The horizontal axis is the percentage survival. The dashed vertical line shows the risk adjusted survival rate for the UK as a whole. The solid black horizontal line represents the surgeon/unit. What is important here is that the horizontal line crosses the vertical dashed line. If this occurs, it means that the surgeon/unit are within the expected outcomes given the case-mix and risk factors of the patients they operate on.
The icons that sit on the horizontal line should give you more information about your surgeon/team.
The open square is the survival rate with no risk adjustments:
The X is the predicted survival with adjustments
The solid dot is the survival probability after the methodology has been applied.
- If the solid dot is red it means survival is worse than expected
- If the solid dot is black it means that it is within limits
- If the solid dot is green it means that there is significantly higher survival than expected
There is a lot of information on these plots, but the takeaway message is that if the solid black line crosses the dashed vertical line then the survival rate for the surgeon/unit is within expectations and that there is no reason for any concern.
A more detailed explanation about these graphs and methodology can be found here: Graph Explanations