Hospital(s): King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Special Interests: Adult Cardiac Surgery
Mr Max Baghai graduated in 1996 from Imperial College Medical School in London. After completing his
basic surgical training at Guy’s and St Thomas hospital, he started his training in cardiothoracic surgery
within the London deanery. During his training he was awarded a clinical fellowship by the British Heart
Foundation to complete a PhD at King’s College London. His research evolved around techniques in
preserving heart muscle during congenital cardiac surgery. After completing his training and passing the
board exams in 2011, he was awarded the Ethicon scholarship by the Society of Cardiothoracic
Surgeons in the UK which provided the opportunity for him to go on a fellowship to Hong Kong. During
the fellowship he gained experience in complex cardiac and minimal access surgery, which has paved
the way for his current practice in London. He has been a consultant at King’s College Hospital since
2012 where he went on to build the minimal access program in cardiac surgery and the unit provides one
of the largest and most diverse programs in the country. He is currently the clinical lead in cardiac
surgery and his main aim is to build on what is already a world-class department.
Number and type of operations performed
This graph shows the number and percentage of each type of heart surgery done by this consultant surgeon. The number of operations is shown in the line going up the left hand side. The percentage (%) underneath each coloured bar shows how much of this consultant's heart surgery is made up each procedure type.
The 'key' underneath the graph shows what procedure(s) each coloured bar shows. The abbreviations used are explained below:
- Isolated: This procedure has been carried out on its own. No other procedures were done during the same operation.
- CABG: Coronary artery bypass grafting
- AVR: Aortic valve replacement
- MV: Mitral valve procedure
You can find out more about these procedures in the 'About cardiothoracic surgery' section. If you or someone you know if having heart surgery, it may be helpful to know whether the consultant does lots of that procedure. If you have questions or concerns about the number of procedures being done at your hospital, you should speak to your heart surgeon.
In-hospital survival rate (risk adjusted)
This graph shows the percentage of patients who survived their operation and left hospital alive. This is the 'In-hospital survival rate'. Some patients are more unwell than others and some need more complex operations. Hence, hospitals and consultants perform a range of cardiac operations and the type of patients they operate on can differ. So that we can make fair comparisons between them, the survival rates have been 'risk adjusted' to take into account the illness of the patient and the complexity of the operation. The dot on the graph shows the risk-adjusted survival for the unit/surgeon you have selected and the number of operations performed over the last 3 year period. The blue line indicates the predicted survival and the red dotted lines the range of results expected, worked out by complex statistics.
For more information on understanding mortality rates, look at the Understanding the graphs page
Average patient risk profile
Some risk factors like age, gender, and other medical problems can affect the outcome of heart surgery.
Each of the graphs below shows what percentage of this consultant's patients have each risk factor (light blue bar on the left) next to the average for the whole of the UK (dark blue bar on the right). This can tell you whether the consultant operates on high risk patients in general, and whether they specialise in doing particular types of complicated surgery, like operations on the thoracic aorta.
You can find out more about the risk factors in the 'About cardiothoracic surgery' section.