Thoracic surgery

Thoracic surgery is the field of medicine involved in the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the chest (the thorax)

 

What is a Thoracic Surgeon?

A Thoracic Surgeon is practicing the field of medicine involved in the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the chest (the thorax). Thoracic surgeons perform surgery for conditions affecting the lungs, chest wall and diaphragm.

Thoracic Surgeons do not perform surgery for conditions of the heart and the major vessels in the chest. These operations are performed by Cardiac Surgeons.

Thoracic and Cardiac Surgeons have a common training, which is called training in Cardiothoracic surgery. By the end of their training they decide whether they wish to become Thoracic or Cardiac Surgeons.

Lung cancer surgery

Lung cancer surgery describes the use of surgical operations in the treatment of lung cancer. It involves the surgical removal of cancer tissue from the lung. It is used mainly in non-small cell lung cancer.

Types of surgery

  • Segmentectomy: Removal of an anatomic division of a particular lobe of the lung
  • Lobectomy: Removal of a lobe of the lung
  • Pneumonectomy: Removal of an entire lung
  • Wedge resection: Removal of a small wedge-shaped piece of lung that contains the lung cancer and a margin of health tissue around the cancer
  • Sleeve/bronchoplastic resection: Removal of an associated tubular section of the associated main bronchial passage during lobectomy with subsequent reconstruction of the bronchial passage
  • VATS lobectomy: Minimally invasive approach to lobectomy that may allow for diminished pain, quicker return to full activity, and diminished hospital costs

Lung volume reduction surgery

Lung volume reduction surgery

Lung volume reduction surgery can improve the quality of life for certain patients suffering from emphysema. Parts of the lung that are particularly damaged by emphysema are removed, allowing the remaining, relatively good lung to expand and work better.

Oesophageal surgery

Oesophageal Surgery

Oesophageal surgery is performed for conditions of the oesophagus. Oesophagus is an organ in vertebrates which consists of a muscular tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. During swallowing food passes from the mouth through the pharynx into the esophagus and travels to the stomach. The oesophagus passes through posterior mediastinum in thorax and enters abdomen through a hole in the diaphragm. It is usually about 25–30 cm long and connects the mouth to the stomach. Due to the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, the entry to the esophagus opens only when swallowing or vomiting.